Neurofeedback Treatment in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Neurofeedback treatment in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can be traced back to 1976. Since that time, research studies have begun to investigate the effects of neurofeedback on different symptoms of ADHD such as inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The clinical effects of neurofeedback in the treatment of ADHD can be considered clinically meaningful. Researchers have concluded that neurofeedback treatment for ADHD can be considered “Efficacious and Specific” with a large effect for inattention and impulsivity and a medium effect for hyperactivity.
The majority of research on biofeedback treatment for ADHD has looked at electroencephalography (EEG). EEG is a form of biofeedback that measures aspects of electrical brain functioning and processing. Research on children diagnosed with ADHD who have undergone EEG neurofeedback has reported:
· Eighty percent of children receiving EEG training were able to reduce daily stimulant doses by at least 50%.
· In children ages 8-12, researchers found that EEG was comparable to stimulant medication in the reduction of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
· In children ages 6-19 who received medication management in conjunction with EEG, once medication was removed, children who had received EEG training demonstrated better behavioral ratings then children with no biofeedback training. Additionally, decreased behavioral symptoms were seen at three years post treatment of those who received EEG training.
Source: Arns M, de Ridder S, Strehl U, Breteler M, Coenen A. (2009). Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: the effects on inattention ,impulsivity and hyperactivity: a meta-analysis. Clinical EEG Neuroscience, 40(3), 180-9.
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